WS Tales08 Aug 2023

Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India & Their Contributions

The proverb ‘A spark can start a great fire’ is proved right by our Freedom Fighters. This 76th Independence Day, let’s celebrate by remembering the immense love they had for our motherland India.

India is not only rich in diversity and culture, but also rich in its history. Back in the days, India was known as the Golden Bird due to its abundance of resources. Throughout its history, despite British dominance, India's wealth and majesty attracted enemies from all over the world. India ultimately declared independence from colonial dominance in 1947 after a protracted fight. Numerous independence day freedom fighters shed a lot of blood and effort to protect the country's glory, and some gave their lives to attain independence. India Gate in Delhi was built as an homage to the millions of heroic freedom fighters who gave their lives for the freedom we enjoy today.

Independence Day 2023 Theme

The theme for this year's Independence Day is 'Nation First, Always First,' coinciding with the 'Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav' initiative.

As we approach 15th August, India's 77th Independence Day 2023, let's pay tribute to the top 10 independence freedom fighters, who sacrificed it all for India's future.

We have compiled a list of the top 10 Indian independence freedom fighters out of admiration for their dedication and hard work; without them, Independent India could not exist.

1. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950)

Freedom Fighters of India - Sardar patel

Also known as the Iron Man of India and Bismarck of India, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was known for being very brave and epic from a very young age. Initially a lawyer, Sardar Patel left the legal profession to fight for India's independence from British control. Following India's independence, he was appointed as the country's Deputy Prime Minister and worked tirelessly to bring princely states into the Union of India. He also received the honorary Bharat Ratna Award for his hard work and dedication.

2. Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964)

Freedom Fighters of India - Jawaharlal Nehru

Popularly known as Chacha Nehru, he adored kids very much and his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day. Nehru, who started out as a lawyer, rose to fame as an Indian independence fighter and politician. Mahatma Gandhi's attempts to free India from the British had a big impact on his fervour for the country's independence. He participated in the war for freedom, rose to the position of President of the Indian National Congress, and finally was appointed the country's first Prime Minister upon independence.

3. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948)

Freedom Fighters of India - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

The “Father of the Nation”, Mahatma Gandhi earned the name because of his great (mahan) deeds like non-violent movements. He married Kasturba when he was 13 and studied law in London before travelling to South Africa to practice law. There, he was inspired to fight for human rights by seeing racial discrimination toward some Indians. Gandhi fervently joined the liberation struggle after seeing how India was being ruled by Englishmen. Freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi led various non-violent protests against the British people in his quest for independence, including the "Dandi March" movement, which he took on his bare foot to remove the salt tax.

4. Lal Bahadur Shastri (2 October 1904 – 11 January 1966)

Freedom Fighters of India - Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh in 1904. When he finished his studies at Kashi Vidyapeeth, he received the title "Shastri" Scholar. He joined the Mahatma Gandhi-led Salt Satyagraha campaign, the Civil Disobedience movement, and the Quit India movement as a silent but active liberation warrior. Being an independence freedom fighter he spent a lot of time behind bars. He held the office of Home Minister upon India's independence before being elected as the second Prime Minister of India in 1964. The most popular phrase “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” was coined by him in 1965.

5. Dr Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963)

Indian Freedom Fighter - Dr Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the creator of the Indian Constitution and the free country's first president, comes in second on the list of the most famous freedom fighters in India. He was a fierce advocate for Mahatma Gandhi. In 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who served as India's first president from 1950 to 1962, saw his goal come true. He was also among the first Indian presidents to be elected to two consecutive terms. He raised money for Searchlight and Desh during the Independence Movement while also contributing articles to these periodicals. In 1962, Prasad also received the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honor.

6. Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945)

Indian Freedom Fighter - Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose freedom fighter, known as Netaji, was born in Orissa. He may have been shaken by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and forced to leave England for India in 1921. He became a member of the Indian National Congress and participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. He sought assistance in Germany after becoming dissatisfied with Gandhi Ji's Non-Violence Method of Freedom and finally founded the Azad Hind Government and Azad Hind Army, now known as Indian National Army (INA), where he trained and supervised all freedom fighters.

7. Lala Lajpat Rai (28 January 1865 – 17 November 1928)

Indian Freedom Fighter - Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as “Punjab Kesari”, was an Indian author and a national freedom fighter. He was an extreme member of the Indian National Congress and a member of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio. He rose to prominence in 1920 as a result of his leadership of the Punjab Protest and the Non-Cooperation Movement after the Jalliawala Bagh event. He passed away in 1928 during a Simon Commission protest after a harsh British Lathi charge.

8. Bhagat Singh (28 September 1907 – 23 March 1931)

Indian Freedom Fighter - Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was a well-known revolutionary, and a contentious & my personal favourite Freedom Fighter for India who eventually died as a proud martyr for his nation. He was born in Punjab in a Sikh family of independence warriors. Since he was a naturalized citizen, he joined the non-Cooperation movement in 1921. To foster patriotism in Punjabi youth, he founded the "Naujawan Bharat Sabha." The Chauri-Chaura Massacre changed him completely. At the age of 23, he was hung to death by British colonizers. His enduring nickname is "Shaheed (martyr) Bhagat Singh." Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh popularized the term "Inquilab Zindabad", and it eventually became the anthem of the Indian independence struggle.

9. Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857)

Indian freedom Fighter - Mangal pandey

He was the first freedom fighter of the country. Despite being a soldier in the British Army, he rebelled when he learned that the cartridges the soldiers were given were lubricated with pig fat. For the first time, Mangal Pandey inspired Indians by introducing the phrase "Maro Firangi Ko." His uprising served as the catalyst for the first liberation struggle. He was one of the earliest rebels to motivate young Indian soldiers to start the 1857 Great Rebellion, Indian Mutiny, also called India's First War of Independence.

10. Nana Sahib (19 May 1824 – 1859)

Indian Freedom Fighter - Nana Sahib

Nana Sahib, who headed a band of fervent rebels, made a crucial contribution to the 1857 insurrection. By slaughtering the force's survivors, he overran the British soldiers in Kanpur and threatened the British camp. In addition to being bold and brave, Nana Sahib was a talented administrator who organized and oversaw thousands of Indian warriors. He is one among the best freedom fighters of India.


This brings our list to an end. We hope this insightful blog help you understand who were the cause behind the freedom we Indians enjoy today.

However, there were more than what we have mentioned above, like Rani Lakshmi Bai, Tantia Tope, Sukhdev, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Dadabhai Naoroji, Chandra Shekhar Azad and many more freedom fighters, who bravely and actively contributed to free their motherland.

Wooden Street will be celebrating 77th Independence Day as ‘Azadi ka अमृत महोत्सव’, a glorious aegis led by our honorable Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi. As part of the 'Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav' initiative, this year's Independence Day theme is 'Nation First, Always First.' As part of the government's efforts to commemorate the nation's independence struggle, a series of events will be organized.

Wooden Street is also participating in “Har Ghar Tiranga”, a beautiful campaign under ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ to encourage people to bring the Tiranga home and to hoist it to mark the 76th year of India’s independence.

Pankaj kumar Das 24 Jul 2023 Reply
Bipin Chandra Paul s name is missing He was one third of the Lal Bal Pal trio He was one of the main architects of the Swadeshi movement He is known as the Father of Revolutionary Thoughts in Ind
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Advika 27 Jun 2023 Reply
This information was very helpful to me didnt expect this
↷ WS team
B Chennakrishna Reddy 17 Aug 2022 Reply
A good article
↷ WS team
MANOJ KUMAR JHA 15 Aug 2022 Reply
I Love my all freedom fighters Jai Hind Jai Bharat
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